Nigeria, is fully known as the “Federal Republic of Nigeria”, is located in West Africa, between the Sahel in the north of the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Guinea in the south. It is named after the Niger River.
The history of Nigeria can be traced back to 2000 BC. According to archaeological excavations, the Kainji dam in the territory and the ruins in Nsukka area in the southeast have begun to be widely used in ironmaking projects. For example, the ritual “IBO pot” of IBO Ulu IBO pot in the 9th century is extremely beautiful in terms of the complexity of its process and appearance design. The iron age in the Niger Valley and forest areas seems to be more than 800 years before the introduction of metallurgical technology in the upper savanna. The oldest bronzes made by artisans from ibokvu using the dewaxing process. The material culture of the southwestern kingdom of Yoruba includes clay and bronze statues, such as the Yoruba bronze mask from obalufeng, ife. The famous NOK civilization flourished between 1500 BC and 200 ad, marking the country’s first internal reunification. At that time, the technology had reached the level of making life size terracotta figures, which was one of the earliest known sculptures in sub Saharan Africa.
Abuja is the capital of Nigeria and the seat of the central government.
Lagos, the former capital city, is the earliest and largest port, which has now transformed into the economic center of Nigeria and Africa. It is also one of the largest metropolises in the world and the second largest city in Africa.
The state stipulates that the official language is English, which aims to promote language unity and facilitate international integration. French is also a more widely used non-native language, but people still speak dialect daily.
The three largest ethnic natives in Nigeria are Hausa, Yoruba and IBO. Religious freedom is guaranteed in Nigeria through the constitution. It is also the country with the largest number of Muslims and Christians in the world; Indigenous religions, such as the IBO and Yoruba religions, belong to ethnic minority sects.
International relationship & Economics
Nigeria is a big country in Africa, an intermediate power in international affairs and an emerging global power and the largest economy in Africa. Its GDP and average purchasing power rank 25th in the world. Due to its large population and developed economy, Nigeria is often called an African giant. The world bank considers it an emerging market.
Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of many international organizations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth, the non aligned movement, the economic community of West African States and OPEC. It is also a member of the informal Mint group of countries and one of the next 11 economies, with great influence in Africa united.
Africa's health and medical care, energy and economic functions are mainly set up in Nigeria, and Africa's internal and international affairs and issues are often supported and discussed by Nigeria. Since 1970s, Nigeria has always is a pivotal position in the international oil industry. It joined OPEC in July 1971 and has become a long-term member state since then.
Relationship with China
The friendship between China and Nigeria can be traced back to the early days of the founding of China.
Nigeria took the lead in establishing diplomatic relations with new China in Africa. In the complex international environment, this decision was a very firm recognition of China and a rare friendship. At that time, Premier Zhou and chairman Deng Xiaoping organized exchanges between the two countries in politics, culture, sports, economy and many more aspects.
Friendship Game of table tennis once was held for middle school students in Nigeria, which is still a fresh memory for those Nigerian children who attended.
Since the 1990s, with the increasing importance of China in the world economy, a large number of Nigerian businessmen have come to China to carry out trade, which has brought new markets for China's exports.
From 2000 to 2016, the total trade between the two countries increased by US $103.84 billion, is more than 30% of China's total exports, and still growing. By 2018, from 3 ports of China handles export cargo and shipment to Nigeria, and distribute to Africa.